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Posts Tagged ‘EPA’

New Rule Proposed for Emissions from Sewage Sludge Incinerators

Wednesday, October 27th, 2010

Sewage Sludge IncineratorThe EPA has proposed new rules directed at emissions from sewage sludge incinerator (SSI) units. SSI units are typically found at wastewater treatment facilities and, according to the EPA, are the sixth-largest source of mercury air emissions in the US. The proposal not only limits mercury emissions, but also sets standard and emission guidelines for eight other pollutants, including lead, cadmium, hydrogen chloride, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, dioxins and furans, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide. However, mercury is of particular interest because the proposed emission standard is more stringent than the mandates that were set under the Clean Air Act.

Learn more about Mercury emissions from sewage incinerators…

EPA Action Plan for Hexabromocyclododecane

Thursday, October 14th, 2010

 

HexabromocyclododecaneThe EPA is considering hexabromocyclododecane, a brominated flame retardant made up of various mixtures of its 16 isomers (herein: HBCD), for action under the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA). This is in addition to two other groups of compounds already discussed in previous Lab Science News articles.

HBCD is ubiquitous in the environment throughout the world and is also found in human tissues, including blood, adipose, and breast milk. When released into the environment, it can travel great distances, bioaccumulating and biomagnifing in the food chain. In addition to its high toxicity to aquatic organisms, studies have also linked HBCD to reproductive, developmental, and neurological effects in humans, with a potentially higher impact on children because of their smaller size.

Read more on hexabromocyclododecane…

EPA Action Plan for Nonylphenol and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates

Tuesday, October 5th, 2010

Nonylphenol ethoxylates in soaps and cleanersThis article discusses the EPA’s action plans for the compounds, nonylphenol (NP) and nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs).

The EPA released new action plans on August 18th, 2010 to review the potential health risks of Benzidene and its congeners, Nonylphenol (NP) and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates (NPEs), and Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). These compounds were chosen based on their presence in humans, their persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) characteristics, and their use in consumer products and production.1 The action plans may result in new use rules, new reporting limits, or the banning or limiting their production and use.

According to the EPA’s Action Plan, a major reason for reviewing NP and NPEs is their widespread release into, and their toxicity in, the aquatic environment. NP is actually a mixture of various structured compounds, that differ in their level of toxicity. NP is used primarily in manufacturing NPEs, which first break down into shorter chain NPEs over time, and then eventually back to NP. While NP is more toxic than the NPEs, they are all toxic to plants, fish and aquatic invertebrates.

Find out the types of products Nonylphenol and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates are used for…

EPA’s New Action Plan for Certain Dyes

Tuesday, September 28th, 2010

EPA Action Plan for Certain Dyes

On August 18th, 2010, the EPA announced the release of new action plans to review the potential health risks of certain compounds. These action plans were developed “based on [the chemicals’] presence in humans; persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) characteristics; [and] use in consumer products, production volume or other similar factors”1. These action plans may result in new use rules, new reporting limits, or banning or limiting their production and use.

The first of these action plans, and the only to be discussed in this current edition of Lab Science News, relates to azo dyes derived from benzidene and benzidene congeners. In the US, these compounds are used primarily in textiles, inks, paper, paints, and by the pharmaceutical and food industries. They are also used in inkjet and laser printers and as biological stains and reagents in laboratories. It is of note that they are already banned in the European Union.

Read more about the action plan for dyes…

New and Revised Clean Water Act Methods Proposed

Thursday, September 23rd, 2010

New and Revised Clean Water Act Methods ProposedIn August 2010 the EPA issued a notice proposing new and revised analytical methods to be used under the Clean Water Act (CWA).

The proposed rule, entitled “Guidelines Establishing Test Procedures for the Analysis of Pollutants Under the Clean Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures”, will affect numerous EPA Methods, ASTM Methods, Standard Methods, and alternative test methods.

EPA methods:

Read more about the proposed CWA Methods…

EPA to Ban Use of Endosulfan

Wednesday, September 8th, 2010

EPA to Ban Use of Endosulfan

In June 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) took action to ban the use of endosulfan in the United States because it poses unacceptable risks to agricultural workers and wildlife, and can be pervasive in the environment.

The decision was based on a revised ecological risk assessment report, first written in 2002, which highlights that farm workers face greater risks than were previously known. The EPA also found that endosulfan, a colorless solid, poses excessive risk to aquatic and terrestrial wildlife, as well as to birds and mammals that consume aquatic prey which have ingested endosulfan.

Read more about EPA’s plan to ban the use of endosulfan…

EPA Proposes New Permit Requirements for Pesticide Discharges

Wednesday, September 1st, 2010

New Permit Requirements for Pesticide Discharges

In June 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a draft of its National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit. Through the permitting process, the EPA is seeking to decrease the amount of pesticides discharged into waterways. The new permit, also known as the Pesticides General Permit (PGP), was developed in response to a 2009 court decision, which ruled that pesticides can be classified as pollutants under the Clean Water Act.

The EPA’s PGP authorizes the controlled release of the following substances into U.S. waterways:

Read more about EPA’s Proposed New Permit Requirements for Pesticide Discharges…