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Posts Tagged ‘Reporting Limits’

EPA Action Plan for Nonylphenol and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates

Tuesday, October 5th, 2010

Nonylphenol ethoxylates in soaps and cleanersThis article discusses the EPA’s action plans for the compounds, nonylphenol (NP) and nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs).

The EPA released new action plans on August 18th, 2010 to review the potential health risks of Benzidene and its congeners, Nonylphenol (NP) and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates (NPEs), and Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). These compounds were chosen based on their presence in humans, their persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) characteristics, and their use in consumer products and production.1 The action plans may result in new use rules, new reporting limits, or the banning or limiting their production and use.

According to the EPA’s Action Plan, a major reason for reviewing NP and NPEs is their widespread release into, and their toxicity in, the aquatic environment. NP is actually a mixture of various structured compounds, that differ in their level of toxicity. NP is used primarily in manufacturing NPEs, which first break down into shorter chain NPEs over time, and then eventually back to NP. While NP is more toxic than the NPEs, they are all toxic to plants, fish and aquatic invertebrates.

Find out the types of products Nonylphenol and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates are used for…

Analytical Techniques for MACT Industrial Boilers Emissions Standards

Sunday, February 5th, 2006

On September 13, 2004, the EPA promulgated Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) emissions standards for industrial boilers. Emission limits were established for total selected metals (TSM), mercury (Hg), and hydrochloric acid (HCl). The heat content and moisture content of the fuel is also discussed in the rule. The regulations include site-specific fuel analysis plans to demonstrate compliance. The regulations specify approved procedures for sample collection, sample processing, sample preparation, and chemical analysis. The approved methods are shown in Table 6 of the boiler MACT rule. The regulations also allow the use of equivalent methods and alternative methods. In order to meet site-specific emission limits, equivalent and alternative methods are often used in the fuel analysis plan. When alternative test methods are used a written request seeking approval of its use must be submitted to the EPA. The compliance date for these industrial boilers is September 13, 2007. Compliance can be demonstrated by fuel testing or with stack testing in combination with fuel testing.

This article is divided into two parts: recommended solid fuel testing techniques and recommended stack testing techniques for compliance with boiler MACT regulations.