Meaning, Term, and Glossary Definition - What is Perchlorates?

Perchlorates are the salts derived from perchloric acid (HClO4). They occur both naturally and unnaturally through manufacturing. They have been used as treatment for thyroid gland disorders, used as an oxidizer in rocket fuel, and used in airbags and explosives, such as fireworks.

Both potassium perchlorate (KClO4) and ammonium perchlorate (NH4ClO4) are used extensively within the pyrotechnics industry, whereas ammonium perchlorate is a component of solid rocket fuel. Lithium perchlorate, which decomposes exothermically to give oxygen, is used in oxygen "candles" on spacecraft, submarines and in other situations where a reliable backup or supplementary oxygen supply is needed. Most perchlorate salts are soluble in water.

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