Chlorine

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Chlorine is the chemical element with atomic number 17 and symbol Cl. It is a halogen, found in the periodic table in group 17 (formerly VIIa or VIIb). As the chloride ion, which is part of common salt and other compounds, it is abundant in nature and necessary to most forms of life, including humans. In its common elemental form (Cl2 or "dichlorine") under standard conditions, it is a pale green gas about 2.5 times as dense as air. It has a disagreeable, suffocating odor that is detectable in concentrations as low as 3.5 ppm and is poisonous. Chlorine is a powerful oxidant and is used in bleaching and disinfectants. As a common disinfectant, chlorine compounds are used in swimming pools to keep them clean and sanitary. In the upper atmosphere, chlorine based molecules have been implicated in the destruction of the ozone layer.

 

General
Atomic number:   17
Symbol:   Cl
Atomic weight:   35.453
Boiling Point (C):   -34.7
Melting Point (C):   -101
Density:   1.56
heatVapor:   2.44
heatFusion:   .77
Electrical Conductivity:   --
Thermal Conductivity:   2e-05
Specific Heat Capacity:   .116

 

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